Emmy Chelangat Rotich, Prof. Elegwa Mukulu, Dr. Samson Paul Nyang’au


Global demand for agricultural and energy production (mainly food and electricity), both water-intensive, is expected to rise by about 60% and 80% by 2025. At the same time, wetter regions generally becoming wetter and drier regions becoming even drier. These aspects of global change illustrate the need for swift planning and execution of strategic, reasonable and effective management and counter measures against deteriorating water security. It is a serious challenge to provide water and sanitation facilities in today’s world to a population of 6 billion people. Water supply and sanitation in Bomet is characterized by poor levels supply. The main objective of this study was to examine the influence of resource planning on implementation of water projects in Bomet County, Kenya. Resource bases theory was used to guide this study. The study used descriptive survey design. Data was collected by use of self-administered Questionnaires. The study targeted 440 respondents and the sample size was 164 respondents. This study carried out a census on 88 initiated water projects in the county of Bomet. Pre-test study was administered to 18 respondents of Kajiado County to test the reliability and validity of the instruments. Data was collected through self-administered questionnaires. Regression analysis was used to measure the relationship between variables on influence of resource planning and implementation of water projects with the help of Statistical Package for Social Science (SPSS) and Analysis of Moment Structures (AMOS) software. Further analysis was done to test the significance of the model by use of Analysis of Variance (ANOVA) and R2 so as to measure the extent of the goodness of fit of the regression model. Hypothesis was tested by use of t-test at 95% confidence level. The results showed that resource planning significantly influenced implementation of water project with the F statistics value 55.179 and P-value of 0.000. The coefficient determination of explanatory variable explains 52.7% of the variations. In conclusion, therefore resource planning influenced implementation of water projects with R of 0.726 . Based on the study findings, it is concluded that resources are well utilized while implementing water projects in the county of Bomet. The county government of Bomet should therefore lay down a clear plan to source and fund for resources before the project commences and how the resources will be utilized to the end of the project. The study recommends that Arid and Semi-Arid regions can replicate the findings of this study to improve on accessibility to safe and clean drinking water to the citizens.

Key words: Resource Planning, water projects, Implementation

Full Text:



Akuno E., A., & Wanyoike D. (2020). Influence of Project Resource Planning on Performance of Elephant Conservation at TSAVO National Park, Kenya. The International Journal of Business Management and Technology. 4 (2). 273- 281.

Awino, Z. B., & Marendi-getuno, P. N. (2014). Public Procurement Legal Framework Implementation Challenges and Organizational Performance. DBA Africa Management Review, 4(2), 103–117.

Baars, W. (2016). Project Management Handbook. (2nd ed.). The Hague: Data Archiving and Networked Services.

Babbie, E. (2002). The basics of social research. CA: Wadsworth Publishing.

Barney, J.B. (2016). Firm resources and sustained competitive advantage. Journal of Management. 17(1), 99-120.

Brouwer, A., Faramarzi, A., & Hoogendoorn, M. (2014). Does the New Conceptual Framework Provide Adequate Concepts for Reporting Relevant Information about Performance? Accounting in Europe, 11(2), 235-257.

Bryman A., & Bell, E. (2012). Social Research Methods. New York: Oxford Publishers.

Bubshait, A., Siddiqui, M., &Al-Buali, A. (2014). Role of Communication and Coordination n Project Success: Case Study. Journal of Performance of Constructed Facilities, 29(4), 401-410.

Cheboi, N. J. (2014). The effect of donor funding on the organizational performance of government ministries in Kenya. Unpublished PhD thesis: Nairobi: University of Nairobi.

Chepyegon, C., & Kamiya, D. (2018). Challenges Faced by the Kenya Water Sector Management in Improving Water Supply Coverage. Journal of Water Resource and Protection. 10(1), 85-105.

Cheruiyot, K., J. (2016). Analysis of Household Water Demand, Distribution and Community Management Strategies in Nyongores Sub catchment, Bomet County, Kenya. Unpublished masters’ thesis, Kenyatta University, Kenya.

Colbert, B., A. (2004). The complex Resource-Based View: Implication for theory and Practice in Strategic Human Resource Management. Academy of Management Review. 29(6), 341-458.

Cooper, D. R., & Schindler, P. S. (2016). Business Research Methods. New Delhi: Tata McGraw Hill.

Creswell, J.W. (2014). Research design. Qualitative, quantitative, and mixed methods approach. Thousand Oaks CA: Sage.

Creswell, J. (2012). Research design: qualitative, quantitative, and mixed methods approaches (2nd ed). Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publications.

Das, T. K., & Bin-Sheng, T. (2000). Resource - Based Theory of Strategic Alliances. Journal of Management, 26(11), 31-36.

Field, A. (2009). Discovering Statistics Using SPSS. (3rd ed). London: Sage Publications Ltd.

Gebrehiwot, K., A. & Gebrewahid, M., G. (2016). The need for Agricultural Water Management in Sub-Sahara Africa. Journal of Water Resource and Protection 8(09):835-843.

KNBS. (2014). Water coverage in Kenya. Kenya Demographic Health and Surveys (KDHS) report. Nairobi: Government Printer.

Mohan B.G., & Ganesh, L. (2012). An integrated conceptual model of relationships among different types of innovations. Innovation in Technology Management. The Key to Global Leadership. PICMET '97, 37(4), 126-129.

Müller, R., & Turner, R. (2014). Project oriented leadership. London: Gower publishing limited.

Mutungi, S. S. (2018). Factors Influencing the Practice of Resource Planning and Leveling in the Kenyan Construction Industry: A Survey of Contractors In Nairobi County. Unpublished master’s thesis, Jomo Kenyatta University of Agriculture & Technology, Kenya.

Mugenda,O.,& Mugenda, A. (2003) Research Methods. Nairobi: Acts Press.

Nutt, P.C. (1986). Tactics of Implementation. Academy of Management Journal. 29(2) , 230-261

Neuman, W. L. (2011), Social Research Methods: Qualitative and Quantitative Approaches, (7th Ed.). Boston: Pearson Education.

Ndambiri, Hillary K., Ritho C. N., Mbogoh S. G. (2010), An Evaluation of Farmers’ Perceptions of And Adaptation to the Effects Of Climate Change In Kenya; International Journal of Food and Agricultural Economics. 1(1), 1-22.

Ogogo, D., O., Omwenga, J., Q. & Nyanga’u S., P. (2018). Influence of Resource Planning on Performance of Government Construction Projects in Kenya. The International Journal of Humanities & Social Studies. 6 (10) 79-83.

PWC. (2004). Boosting Business Performance through Programme and Project Management.Retrieved on April 5th 2021. From

Saris, W., E. (2007). Design, Evaluation and Analysis of Questionnaires for survey research. Hoboken, NJ: Wiley-Interscience.

Saunder, M., Lewis, P., & Thornhill, A. (2017). Research Method for business students. (5th ed.) England: Financial Times Prentice Hall.

Savin-Baden, M., & Major, C., H. (2010). New Approaches to qualitative research: wisdom and uncertainty. New York: Routledge.

United Nation Environmental Program. (2015). Global Environmental Outlook 2000, UNEP Earth Scan 1997, (Publication Series. Paper 2). Geneva: UNEP.

United Nations Development Program, UNDP.(2016). The human development reports. New York: UNEP.

Vasquez, J. A. (2011). The role of paradigms in scientific inquiry: a conceptual framework and a set of principles for paradigm evaluation. From Classical Realism to Neo-traditionalism, 98(4), 19-31.

Water Services Regulatory Board.(2016). Impact Issue No. 9, A Performance Review of Kenya’s Water Services Sector 2014-2015. Nairobi: Water Services Regulatory Board.

Water Services Regulatory Board. (2011). Financing Urban Water Services in Kenya. Nairobi: Government Printer.


  • There are currently no refbacks.