Titus Odero Ombata


One vital area with great opportunity that organizations are yet to fully maximize on is Strategic Human Resource Management (SHRM). Previous literature on the influence of strategic human resource management in the manufacturing sector is scarce with majority of the studies focusing on other sectors such as IT and Finance. This study aimed to bridge the literature gap present in this area. The purpose of this study was to determine the influence of strategic human resource management practices on organizational performance of Unga Farm Care East Africa Limited. The study was guided by the following objectives; influence of succession planning on organizational performance, influence of training on organizational performance, influence of strategic recruitment on organizational performance and influence of organizational culture on organizational performance. The study was conducted at Unga Farm Care East Africa Limited from June 2023 to November 2023. The study used the strategic contingency theory, resource-based theory and human capital theory to establish a link between the study variables. The study adopted a descriptive research design to collect data from a study population of 400 employees of the organization. Stratified random sampling was used to choose a sample of 200 participants from whom primary data was collected using a questionnaire. The study conducted a pilot test and tested for content validity and reliability through Cronbach Alpha Coefficient. The reliability results indicated that all the items in the questionnaire were reliable. Data was analyzed using SPSS version 28 for inferential and descriptive statistics. The response rate for the study was 76% as only 152 questionnaires out of the 200 distributed were returned. The study tested for descriptive and inferential statistics. The Pearson product moment correlation coefficient was used to determine the relationship between the dependent and independent variables. The results indicated that there existed a strong and positive relationship between the independent variables and dependent variables. A multilinear regression analysis in the form of Y= -0.186+0.264X1+0.049X2+0.308X3+0.377X4+ɛ was used to assess the link between SHRM practices and organizational performance. The results indicated that a unit increase in succession planning increased organizational performance by 0.264, training by 0.049, strategic recruitment by 0.308 and organizational culture by 0.377. The study concluded that succession planning, training, strategic recruitment and organizational culture enhance organizational performance. The study recommended that manufacturing firms develop adequate strategies to fully implement all the independent variables and positively impact organizational performance.

Key Words: Strategic Human Resource Management Practices, Organizational Performance

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