Ida Atieno Juma, Dr. Mary Kamaara


This study sought to establish the influence of project risk management practices on performance of affordable housing projects in Nairobi city county, Kenya. Specifically, the study sought to examine the influence of risk analysis on performance of affordable housing projects in Nairobi city county, Kenya and to assess the influence risk control on performance of affordable housing projects in Nairobi city county, Kenya. The research used a cross-sectional survey design. The study targeted a total of 176 respondents comprising of projects managers and site engineers in charge of the seven ongoing affordable housing projects in Nairobi City County. Since the target population is small, the study used census method. This implies that all the 176 respondents participated in the study. This study also used questionnaire to collect data relevant to this study. Quantitative data collected was analyzed using descriptive statistical techniques which are frequencies, mean, standard deviation. Inferential statistics which include Pearson correlation and the Regression Analysis Model were used to test the relationship between study variables. The significance of the model was tested at 5% level of significance. The regression analysis revealed statistically significant associations between risk analysis, risk control, and the performance of affordable housing projects in Nairobi City County, Kenya. Risk analysis (β = 0.317, p < 0.001), and risk control (β = 0.386, p < 0.001) all exhibited positive and statistically significant effects on project performance, indicating their substantial influence. The model summary statistics further demonstrated a high level of explanatory power, with an R-squared value of 0.710, indicating that the regression model explained 71.0% of the variance in project performance. These findings highlight the critical role of comprehensive risk management practices in driving the success of affordable housing projects, emphasizing the need for their integration into project planning and execution strategies.

Key Words: Project Risk Management Practices, Risk Analysis, Risk Control, Affordable Housing Projects

Full Text:



Abderisak, A & Lindahl, G..(2018) “Take a chance on me? Construction client’s perspectives on risk management,” Procedia Economics and Finance, ( 21), 548–554

Adeleke, A. Q., Bahaudin, A. Y., & Kamaruddeen, A. M. (2019). Level of risk management practice in Nigeria Construction Industry- from a knowledge based approach. Journal of Management Marketing and Logistics, 2 (1).

Adeusi, S. O., Akeke, N. I., Adebisi, O. S., & Oladunjoye, O. (2016). Risk management and financial performance of banks in Nigeria. Risk Management, 6 (31), 123-129

Amoah, C., & Pretorius, L. (2020). Evaluation of the impact of risk management on project performance in small construction firms in South Africa: The case study of construction systems. Journal of Engineering, Design and Technology, 18(3), 251-276.

Bakar, A. H., & Awang, A. (2018). Establishing critical success factors for project management best practices in Sustainable Housing in Malaysia.

Bukar, A. A., & Ibrahim, U. A. (2021). Investigating the Impact of Risk Management on Project Performance in Construction Industry: Evidence from Nigeria. Science Journal of Business and Management, 9(3), 221-230

Chance, D.M. & Brooks, R. (2016). Introduction to Derivatives and risk management.

Chang, A., Bertram, M., Ivanochko, T., Calvert, S., Dallimore, A. & Thomson, E.R. (2013). A Selection and Application of Risk Management Tools and Techniques for Build –Operate Transfer Projects.

Dow, B. (2015, February). Project Communications Plan - Who, What, Where, How, When…etc.. Retrieved from

Ebole, P. H., & Samson, S. P., (2021). Effect of risk management practices on the performance of infrastructure projects in kiambu county, Kenya. International Journal of Recent Research in Commerce Economics and Management, 8(3), 28-36.

Enshassi, A., Al-Najjar, J. & Kumaraswamy, M. (2015) “Delays and cost overruns in the construction projects in Gaza Strip”, Journal of Financial Management of Property and Construction, 14(2), 126 - 151.

European Agency for Safety and Health at Work (2017). Report – Prevention of risks in construction in practice. Luxembourg: Office for Official Publications of the European Communities.

Kinyua, E., Ogollah, K. & Mburu, D. K. (2015). Effect of risk management strategies on project performance of small and medium information communication technology enterprises in Nairobi, Kenya. International Journal of Economics, Commerce and Management, 3(2), 1-30.

Kochenderfer, M. J. (2015). Decision making under uncertainty: theory and application. MIT press.

Li, Y. (2016). Water-saving irrigation in China. Irrigation and Drainage: The journal of the International Commission on Irrigation and Drainage, 55(3), 327-336.

Luwesi, C. N., Kinuthia, W., Mutiso, M. N., Akombo, R. A., Doke, D. A., & Ruhakana, A. (2015). Climate change, pro-poor schemes, and water inequality: strengths and weaknesses of Kauai Irrigation Water Users’ Association, Kenya. The Nordic Africa Institute.

Mutula, M. W., (2017). Effects of Human Resource Factors on Project Performancein Nairobi County in Kenya: A Case of Selected Organizations in Westlands.

Yoe, C. (2016). Primer on risk analysis: decision making under uncertainty. CRC press.


  • There are currently no refbacks.