Kevin Ochieng Obura, Dr. Yusuf Muchelule


The general objective of the study was to determine how antecedents of Monitoring and Evaluation practices affect performance of affordable housing projects in Nairobi city county, Kenya. The specific objectives were to determine the role of monitoring and evaluation budget, monitoring and evaluation approaches  on the performance of affordable housing projects. The researcher was guided by various theories including resource allocation, and result-based management. This study adopted a descriptive research design. The study focused on Project managers, monitoring and evaluation officers, quality assurance, and one project team member. As a result, the target was 100 respondents, and four officials were selected from every project. The study collected both primary and secondary data using a questionnaire containing both structured and unstructured questions. Content validity was ensured through expert opinion from the research supervisor consulted on the representativeness and suitability of questions. The captured data from the research was presented, analyzed, described, and interpreted in a systematic manner. The data analysis included both qualitative and quantitative methods where the latter was analyzed by SPSS version 28. The study results were presented through use of tables and figures. The study concludes that monitoring and evaluation budget has a positive and significant influence on the performance of affordable housing projects in Nairobi City County, Kenya. In addition, the study concludes that monitoring and evaluation approaches has a positive and significant influence on the performance of affordable housing projects in Nairobi City County, Kenya. Based on the findings, the study recommends that the implementers of affordable housing projects in Nairobi City County, Kenya should ensure to work within the set budget to avoid cost overruns. In addition, the implementers of affordable housing projects in Nairobi City County, Kenya should formulate and implement effective approaches to facilitate monitoring and evaluation of the projects.

Key Words: Antecedents of Monitoring and Evaluation practices, housing projects, monitoring and evaluation budget, monitoring and evaluation approaches

Full Text:



Agutu, H. (2015). Factors Influencing Implementation of Monitoring aEvaluation of School Feeding Programs By Service Providers In Kenya. A case of Langata sub-county (Unpublished thesis). University of Nairobi, Nairobi, Kenya.

Akbari, S., Khanzadi, M., & Gholamian, M. R. (2018). The impact of contractors’ attributes on construction project success: A post-construction evaluation. International Journal of Project Management, 31(2), 313-322.

Ali, H. M. (2016). Impact of Customer Satisfaction on Performance Of Sudanese Construction Companies (Doctoral dissertation, Sudan University of Science and Technology).

Caffrey, L., & Munro, E. (2017). A systems approach to policy evaluation. Evaluation, 23(4), 463-478.

Cserháti, G., & Szabó, L. (2014). The relationship between success criteria and success factors in organisational event projects. International journal of project management, 32(4), 613-624

Davis, K. (2014). Different stakeholder groups and their perceptions of project success. International journal of project management, 32(2), 189-201.

Gido, J., Clements, J., & Clements, J. (2014). Successful project management. Boston, MA: Cengage Learning

Holvoet, N., & Inberg, L. (2015). Diagnostic Review of the Monitoring and Evaluation System of Uganda ́s Education Sector: Selected Findings and Discussion. Journal of Education and Training, 2(1), 134–154

Kerzner, H. (2018). Project management best practices: Achieving global excellence. New York, NYC: John Wiley & Sons.

Khan, A., Skibniewski, M., & Cable, J. (2018). The Project Stakeholder Management and Engagement Strategy Spectrum: An Empirical Exploration. Originally Presented at the 2018 University of Maryland Project Management Symposium, May 2018, Republished as a Second Edition in the PM World Journal, Vol. VIII, Issue III (April

Kithinji, C., Gakuu, C., & Kidombo, H. (2017). Resource allocation, evaluational capacity building M&E Results utilization among community based organizations in Meru County in Kenya. European Scientific Journal, 13 (16), 283-304

Klaus-Rosińska, A., & Iwko, J. (2021). Stakeholder Management—One of the Clues of Sustainable Project Management—As an Underestimated Factor of Project Success in Small Construction Companies. Sustainability, 13(17), 9877.

Larson, E. W., & Gray, C. F. (2015). A Guide to the Project Management Body of Knowledge: PMBOK (®) Guide. Philadelphia: McGraw-Hill.

Mbogo, F. W, & Mirara, A. (2022) Influence of budgetary allocation in monitoring and evaluation of humanitarian projects planning: A case of International Rescue Committee. International Academic Journal of Information Sciences and Project Management, 3(7), 88- 101.

McCoy, D., & Kinyua, K. (2015). Allocating scarce resources strategically-an evaluation and discussion of the global fund's pattern of disbursements. PLoS one, 7(5), e34749.

Muller, R., & Jugdev, K. (2012). Critical success factors in projects: Pinto, Slevin, and Prescott–the elucidation of project success. International Journal of Managing Projects in Business, 5(4), 757-775.

Murorunkwere, A., & Munene, P. M. (2022). Monitoring and Evaluation Practices and Performance of Non-Governmental Organisation Projects in Rwanda: A Case of Care International Village Savings and Loan Associations Project. Journal of Entrepreneurship & Project Management, 6(3).

Nisa, Z. U. (2015). Impact of project performance Measurement System on Project success. International Journal of science, basic and applied Research, 22(2), 289-315

Njama, A. W. (2015). Determinants of effectiveness of a monitoring and evaluation system for projects: a case of AMREF Kenya WASH programme (Doctoral dissertation, University of Nairobi)

Nyonje, R. O., Ndunge, K. D., & Mulwa, A. S. (2012). Monitoring and Evaluation of Projects and Programs-A Handbook for Students and Practitioners. Nairobi, Kenya: Aura Publishers.

Omolo, C.(2016). Influence of Monitoring and Evaluation Approaches on Implementation Of Physical Infrastructural Projects In Public Secondary Schools of Uasin Gishu County, Kenya. ( Doctoral dissertation, University of Nairobi).

Phiri, B. (2015). Influence of monitoring and evaluation on project performance: A Case of African Virtual University, Kenya. Unpublished master’s thesis, University of Nairobi, Kenya

Serrador, P., & Turner, J. R. (2014). The relationship between project success and project efficiency. Procedia-Social and Behavioral Sciences, 119 (1), 75-84.

Shaukat, M. B., Latif, K. F., Sajjad, A., & Eweje, G. (2022). Revisiting the relationship between sustainable project management and project success: The moderating role of stakeholder engagement and team building. Sustainable Development, 30(1), 58-75.

Wolde, E. (2019). The Effectiveness of Monitoring and Evaluation Systems: The Case of Non-Governmental Organizations Implementing Agricultural Development Projects in Ethiopia.


  • There are currently no refbacks.